Where do house flies nest?
House flies breed and multiply anywhere they have access to waste products. General locations are garbage disposals and trash receptacles, but they also breed in potted plants and vases of fresh-water flowers. These environments provide the moisture that fly larvae need to thrive.
House flies eat things such as decaying matter and feces. They also feed on garbage, spoiled meat and rotting fruits.
House flies come indoors to lay their eggs whenever a suitable breeding ground is available. The flies may be attracted to garbage bins, pet food or water sources indoors.
Common house flies are a nuisance and according to Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences, they can transmit over 65 different diseases to humans and animals. The flying insects rarely grow larger than 1/4 of an inch long and they can only ingest liquids. To turn decaying matter and solid food into a liquefied state, they throw saliva up on the food source. The saliva then liquefies the food so that the flies can suck it up using their proboscis.
Damp material is an ideal breeding ground for house flies. Flies may lay their eggs in houseplants, particularly when the container has slightly moist soil and decaying plant matter. House flies are also attracted to decaying food and manure. For instance, covering the trash with a lid and freezing food scraps until garbage pickup can help eliminate a significant number of house flies.
Remove bowls of pet food and water after the animal has finished feeding to prevent attracting house flies. Make sure to use screens on all windows and doors during the warmer months of the year. Replace missing or damaged weather stripping along windows and doors to seal the home and prevent flies and other pests from entering.
Lawn clippings and compost are also attractive to house flies. House flies are most active during the summer, requiring homeowners to remove grass clippings immediately after mowing to prevent an infestation. Cover compost bins with a tight lid, and avoid using organic fertilizers on lawns if house flies become problematic. Gardens or fruit trees that are left untended may attract houseflies. Remove ripened fruits and vegetables as soon as possible to prevent house fly infestations during the summer.
Flies typically live between 15 to 30 days depending on their environment. They go through four stages of life: egg, larva, pupa and adult. Flies live longer in homes than in the wild.
Flies can multiple quickly because of their short life cycle as well as the amount of eggs each female can lay. A female can lay up to 150 eggs in one batch. The eggs hatch into larvae within a day. They feed for three to five days, then pupate. This lasts for three to six days before an adult fly emerges. Adult females can reproduce within two to three days.